SRPP: Lexical-semantic organization in the developing brain

INCC, Université de Paris & CNRS
10 November 2023, 14h0015h30

Until recently, there has been little evidence regarding how and when infants begin to integrate words into an inter-connected lexical-semantic system. Recent electrophysiological studies show that lexical-semantic system (activation of related words such as cat-horse) develops together with vocabulary during the second year of life in monolingual infants (Rämä et al., 2013; Rämä et al., 2018). Some evidence shows that lexical-semantic organization develops later in bilingual than in monolingual infants. Also, there is mixed evidence as to whether lexical-semantic activation occurs similarly in dominant and non-dominant languages in bilingual language learners (e.g., Sirri & Rämä, 2019). In my talk, I will present results regarding neurophysiological mechanisms underlying lexical-semantic development in monolingual and bilingual infants. I will also describe our recent findings on the effect of speaker familiarity on processing of word meanings.

References

Rämä, P., Sirri, L., & Serres, J. (2013). Development of lexical–semantic language system: N400 priming effect for spoken words in 18-and 24-month old children. Brain and language125(1), 1-10.

Rämä, P., Sirri, L., & Goyet, L. (2018). Event-related potentials associated with cognitive mechanisms underlying lexical-semantic processing in monolingual and bilingual 18-month-old children. Journal of Neurolinguistics47, 123-130.

Sirri, L., & Rämä, P. (2019). Similar and distinct neural mechanisms underlying semantic priming in the languages of the French–Spanish bilingual children. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition22(1), 93-102.

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13 June 2024

Le LPP fête ses 50 ans

Le 13 juin 2024, le Laboratoire de Phonétique et Phonologie (CNRS & Sorbonne Nouvelle) commémorera ses 50 ans d’existence (1973-2023).