SRPP: Letter shapes phonology: Feature economy and informativeness in 43 writing systems

Olivier Morin (Institut Jean Nicod, ENS)
15 March 2024, 14h0015h30

Yoolim Kim, Marc Allassonnière-Tang, Helena Miton, Olivier Morin

Differentiating letter shapes accurately is an increasingly indispensable competence. Are letters as distinctive as they could be? We used a unique dataset of crowdsourced letter descriptions across 43 writing systems to produce a comprehensive typology of letter shapes for these diverse scripts. We built the gaming applet glyph.shh.mpg.de to allow thousands of participants to play with letter shapes. We extracted from 19,591 letter classifications, contributed by 1,683 participants, enough features to provide a unique description of all letters in each system. We show that scripts, compared to phoneme inventories, are feature-extensive: they use additional features to do what could be done with a lower number of features, used more efficiently. Compared to 516 phoneme inventories from the P-base dataset, our 43 scripts have lower feature economy (fewer symbols for a given number of features) and lower feature informativeness (a less balanced distribution of feature values). Letter shapes, having more degrees of freedom than speech sounds, use features in a more wasteful way.

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13 June 2024

Le LPP fête ses 50 ans

Le 13 juin 2024, le Laboratoire de Phonétique et Phonologie (CNRS & Sorbonne Nouvelle) commémorera ses 50 ans d’existence (1973-2023).